Sublingual immunotherapy, also known as allergy drops, is an allergy vaccine that is orally administered. Allergy drops are an allergy treatment that works to decrease sensitivity to allergy causing substances. This form of allergy resistance uses exposure to allergens (pollen, mold, mites, animal dander, etc.) that lessen symptoms over time.
What Are Allergy Drops?
Sublingual immunotherapy has been identified as an aid to the immune system’s response to allergens. This treatment allows supervised exposure to allergens over time, resulting in fewer symptoms/responses. With the close supervision of a medical professional, patients are able to build up immunity to their allergens.
It is hard to predict the extent to which the immunity will become, so there is no set answer to how it works for every patient. Generally, sublingual immunotherapy has some disadvantages to more traditional forms of allergy resistance. However, it also has a multitude of advantages. For example, it is regarded as a safer alternative, and is a more convenient for the patient.
Who Is A Good Candidate for Allergy Drops?
Anyone who suffers from allergies or intolerance can be seen as a candidate for these drops. However, sublingual immunotherapy is especially ideal for people who cannot tolerate allergy shots. This could be because the patient has an intense fear of needles or shots, or it can be that the patient cannot commit to the scheduling of the shots. We find that children make great candidates for allergy drops, as they don’t have to be scared of getting their shots.
How Is Sublingual Immunotherapy Administered?
When you choose sublingual immunotherapy, your allergist will provide you vials of allergen extract. You will be instructed how many drops you should be administering per day, and for how many days treatment will last. For the most optimal results, it is instructed that the allergy drops are placed underneath the tongue and then swallowed.
What is the Duration of the Allergy Drop Treatment?
Allergy drops, unlike office-provided allergy shots, will be taken at home and self-administered. The results of allergy drops are more immediate than those of allergy shots. In fact, the average escalation time for allergy drops is around one month in most cases, which is quicker than most traditional treatments. You will need to maintenance these drops six to twelve months for longer-lasting results.
Benefits of Allergy Drops
In addition to being a viable option for people of all ages, there are other advantages to allergy drops. These benefits include:
- Convenience – Patients can take allergy drops from wherever, whenever, making it much easier.
- Cost effective – Allergy drops are generally a cheaper alternative to traditional methods of allergy resistance.
- Less maintenance – Most patients receiving allergy drops need only a few office visits the first year, and once every 6-12 months thereafter.
- Less medication – Research confirms that patients typically need less medication to control symptoms after beginning allergy drops.